A geodesical approach for the harmonic oscillator

Rodrigo Sánchez-Martínez, Alvaro Lorenzo Salas-Brito, Hilda Noemí Núñez-Yépez

Abstract


The harmonic oscillator (HO) is present in all contemporary physics, from elementary classical mechanics
to quantum field theory. It is useful in general to exemplify techniques in theoretical physics. In this work,
we use a method for solving classical mechanic problems by first transforming them to a free particle form
and using the new canonical coordinates to reparametrize its phase space. This technique has been used to
solve the one-dimensional hydrogen atom and also to solve for the motion of a particle in a dipolar potential.
Using canonical transformations we convert the HO Hamiltonian to a free particle form which becomes
trivial to solve. Our approach may be helpful to exemplify how canonical transformations may be used in
mechanics. Besides, we expect it will help students to grasp what they mean when it is said that a problem
has been transformed into another completely different one. As, for example, when the Kepler problem is
transformed into free (geodesic) motion on a spherical surface.

Keywords


Harmonic Oscillator; Mathematical Physics; Hamiltonian Mechanics; Canonical Transformations; Free Particle.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31349/RevMexFisE.17.6

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Revista Mexicana de Física E

ISSN: 2683-2216 (on line), 1870-3542 (print)

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