On nuclear energy and its perceived non-sustainability

M. Nieto-Perez

Abstract


Public opinion is divided regarding the use of nuclear power for electricity generation, and there is a generalized feeling about its lack of sustainability. It is considered not sustainable in terms of its environmental impact and its potential health risk in the case of accidents, the fact that the fuel is non-renewable and, to a lesser extent, on the price tag of the project. In this paper, the four main arguments against nuclear power will be analyzed and discussed: the risk perception and safety considerations, the generation of waste and what to do with it, the cost of nuclear installations and the availability of fuel. For each of these problems, potential strategies and/or arguments in favor of nuclear power are presented, and the options and opportunities for Mexico are discussed as well.

Keywords


Energy policy; nuclear power; economics of energy; nuclear fuel; fusion; small nuclear reactors; reprocessing; risk perception

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Revista Mexicana de Física S

 ISSN: In Process

  Non periodical electronic journal published by Sociedad Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A.C

Departamento de Física, 2o. Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM.
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