Numerical implementation of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer for Bose-Einstein condensates

J. Gil-Londoño, G. Marı́n-Alvarado, K. Rodrı́guez-Ramı́rez

Abstract


We numerically implement a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, where the coherence and oscillatory properties of Bose-Einstein condensates are explored and the system is modeled by the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. Several time-dependent external trapping potentials were engineered seeking the adiabatic regime which is quantified using fidelity measurements with respect to the actual ground-state of the trap. The dynamics of both conjugate variables, namely density and phase of the matter-wave function, are shown. Moreover, the density and fidelity profiles of the system are presented when the phase-shifter is switching-on and -off, being found in the presented profiles that the system exhibits three different regimes during the recombination stage among them even an orthogonal BEC to the original one is obtained. We achieve the numerical solution through an adequate implementation of the finite-difference method for the spatial discretization and a Runge-Kutta method for the time evolution.

Keywords


Bose-Einstein Condensates; Atom Interferometry; Atomic and Molecular Physics; Coherent Optical Effects.

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Suplemento de la Revista Mexicana de Física

 ISSN: In Process

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