First-principles predictor of the location of ergodic/non-ergodic transitions

P.E. Ramírez-González, R. Juárez-Maldonado, L. Yeomans-Re, na. , M.A. Chávez-Rojo, M. Chávez-Páez, A. Vizcarra-Rendón, M. Medina-No, ola.

Abstract


This letter presents a remarkably simple approach to the first-principles determination of the ergodic/non-ergodic transition in monodisperse colloidal suspensions. It consists of an equation for the long-time asymptotic value $\gamma$ of the mean squared displacement of the colloidal particles, whose finite real solutions signal the non-ergodic state, and determines the non-ergodic parameter $f(k)$. We illustrate its concrete application to three simple model colloidal systems, namely, hard-spheres, hard-spheres plus repulsive (screened Coulomb) Yukawa interaction, and hard-sphere plus attractive Yukawa tail. The results indicate that this is quite a competitive theory, similar in spirit to, but conceptually independent from, the well-known mode coupling theory.

Keywords


Colloidal dynamics; glass transition; dynamic arrest

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REVISTA MEXICANA DE FÍSICA, year 67, issue 2, March-April 2021. Bimonthly Journal published by Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C. Departamento de Física, 2º Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Apartado Postal 70-348. Tel. (+52)55-5622-4946, https://rmf.smf.mx/ojs/rmf, e-mail: rmf@ciencias.unam.mx. Chief Editor: José Alejandro Ayala Mercado. INDAUTOR Certificate of Reserve: 04-2019-080216404400-203, ISSN: 2683-2224 (on line), 0035-001X (print), both granted by Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for the last update of this issue, Technical Staff of Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C., Fís. Efraín Garrido Román, 2º. Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Date of last modification, March 1st., 2021.

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