The Jones vector as a spinor and its representation on the Poincaré sphere

G.F. Torres del Castillo, I. Rubalcava García

Abstract


It is shown that the two complex Cartesian components of the electric field of a monochromatic electromagnetic plane wave, with a temporal and spatial dependence of the form ${\rm e}^{{\rm i} (kz - \omega t)}$, form a SU(2) spinor that corresponds to a tangent vector to the Poincaré sphere representing the state of polarization and phase of the wave. The geometrical representation on the Poincaré sphere of the effect of some optical filters is reviewed. It is also shown that in the case of a partially polarized beam, the coherency matrix defines two diametrically opposite points of the Poincaré sphere.

Keywords


Jones vector; Poincaré sphere; polarization; spinors

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Revista Mexicana de Física

ISSN: 2683-2224 (on line), 0035-001X (print)

Bimonthly publication of Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A.C.
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