Hidden features in (Bi,Pb)-2223 granular superconductors

M. Hernández-Wolpez, E. Martínez-Guerra, R.F. Jardim, P. Muné


The aim of this review is to give a summary of some hidden features related to penetration, trapping, and relaxation of the magnetic flux in (Bi,Pb)-2223 granular superconductors. The discussion is based on experimental and theoretical results obtained in samples prepared under different conditions and by different research groups. Fundamental concepts such as granularity and grain boundaries (GB), superconducting levels, types of vortices, and microstructural characteristics of (Bi,Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductors are invoked for supporting the discussion. As conclusions we focus on the main insufficiencies in the treatment and understanding of the phenomena mentioned above. We also propose some experiments for improving the understanding of the general physical features of granular superconductors.


(Bi; Pb)-2223 superconductors; superconducting levels; magnetic flux-trapped; nanometer AlO addition; microstructure

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REVISTA MEXICANA DE FÍSICA, year 67, issue 1, January-February 2021. Bimonthly Journal published by Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C. Departamento de Física, 2º Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Apartado Postal 70-348. Tel. (+52)55-5622-4946, https://rmf.smf.mx/ojs/rmf, e-mail: rmf@ciencias.unam.mx. Chief Editor: José Alejandro Ayala Mercado. INDAUTOR Certificate of Reserve: 04-2019-080216404400-203, ISSN: 2683-2224 (on line), 0035-001X (print), both granted by Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for the last update of this issue, Technical Staff of Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C., Fís. Efraín Garrido Román, 2º. Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Date of last modification, January 4, 2021.

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