A density oscillator model

A. Hubard, C. Málaga, H. Arce, H. González


We present a model equation describing the behavior of a density oscillator and a set of experiments to test the model. The system consists of a cup containing salty water with an orifice in its base, partially submerged in an outer vessel filled with fresh water. Such a setup produces an oscillatory flow of water through the orifice. The density oscillator is an oscillatory system that shares common features with more complex systems with a stable limit cycle. Although a Rayleigh equation has been used as a model equation for these systems, we propose a different approach based on the integration of the hydrodynamic equations on a streamline. The model reproduces the experimental oscillation and predicts the period as a function of the physical parameters. Phase resetting curves observed in experiments under external biphasic excitation can be reproduced by the model.


Density oscillator; saline oscillator; non-linear oscillators

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Revista Mexicana de Física

ISSN: 2683-2224 (on line), 0035-001X (print)

Bimonthly publication of Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A.C.
Departamento de Física, 2o. Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM.
Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria. C. P. 04510 Ciudad de México.
Apartado Postal 70-348, Coyoacán, 04511 Ciudad de México.
Tel/Fax: (52) 55-5622-4946, (52) 55-5622-4840. rmf@ciencias.unam.mx