Fabrication and investigation of large-mode-area photonic crystal fibers

M. Vaca-Pereira, V. P, S. Calixto

Abstract


This paper describes design, fabrication and testing of all-silica large-mode-area (LMA) photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) with three full hexagonal air capillaries rings in a cladding. The design is based on $V$ (normalized frequency) and $W$ (normalized transverse attenuation constant) parameters. Capillaries and rods for a PCF preform were fabricated using this preliminary design. The designed preform was stretched into LMA PCF fibers and then some values for fabricated PCFs, such as geometric dimensions, numerical aperture and attenuation have been measured. Measured values are compared with ones preliminary calculated by using $V$ and $W$ parameters. It is shown that the obtained experimental results are very near to calculated ones.

Keywords


Large mode area photonic crystal fibers; numerical aperture; attenuation;, parameters

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REVISTA MEXICANA DE FÍSICA, year 67, issue 2, March-April 2021. Bimonthly Journal published by Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C. Departamento de Física, 2º Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Apartado Postal 70-348. Tel. (+52)55-5622-4946, https://rmf.smf.mx/ojs/rmf, e-mail: rmf@ciencias.unam.mx. Chief Editor: José Alejandro Ayala Mercado. INDAUTOR Certificate of Reserve: 04-2019-080216404400-203, ISSN: 2683-2224 (on line), 0035-001X (print), both granted by Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for the last update of this issue, Technical Staff of Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C., Fís. Efraín Garrido Román, 2º. Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Date of last modification, March 1st., 2021.

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