Avances en el desarrollo y conocimiento del cátodo Ba$_{0.5}$Sr$_{0.5}$Co$_{0.8}$Fe$_{0.2}$O$_{3 - \delta }$ para celdas de combustible de óxido sólido de temperatura intermedia IT-SOFC

J. Alvarado-Flores, L. Ávalos-Rodríguez

Abstract


Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) convert chemical energy directly into electric power in a highly efficient way. Lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs to around 500-800$^{\circ}$C is one of the main goals in current SOFC research. The associated benefits include reducing the difficulties associated with sealing and thermal degradation, allowing the use of low cost metallic interconnectors and suppressing reactions between the cell components. However, the electrochemical activity of the cathode deteriorates dramatically with decreasing temperature for the typical La$_{0.8}$Sr$_{0.2}$MnO$_{3}$ based electrodes. The cathode becomes the limiting factor in determining the overall cell performance. Therefore, the development of new electrodes with high electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction becomes a critical issue for intermediate temperature (IT)-SOFCs. Ba$_{0.5}$Sr$_{0.5}$Co$_{0.8}$Fe$_{0.2}$O$_{3 - \delta }$ (BSCF) perovskite oxide was first reported as a potential IT-SOFC cathode material in 2004 by Shao and Haile. After that, the BSCF cathode has attracted considerable attention. This paper reviews the current research activities on BSCF based cathodes for IT-SOFCs. Emphasis will be placed on the understanding and optimization of BSCF based materials. The issues raised by the BSCF cathode are also presented and analyzed to provide some guidelines in the search for the new generation of cathode materials for IT-SOFCs.

Keywords


Intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell; cathode BaSrCoFeO oxygen reduction reaction perovskite

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Revista Mexicana de Física

ISSN: 2683-2224 (on line), 0035-001X (print)

Bimonthly publication of Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A.C.
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