DFT study of the pressure influence on the electronic and magnetic properties of Ga$_{x}$Mn$_{1-x}$N compound

Miguel J. Espitia R., Octavio Salcedo Parra. , John H. Díaz F.


We report a firt-principles study of the pressure dependence of electronic and the magnetic properties of Ga$_{x}$Mn$_{1-x}$N compounds ($x$ = 0.25, 0.50 and 0.75) in wurtzite-derived structures. We use the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave method (FP-LAPW) within of the density functional theory framework. We found that, the lattice constant vary linearly with Ga-concentration. The magnetic moment changes for a critical pressure. At $x$ = 0.75, a rather abrupt onset of the magnetic moment from 0 to 6.02 $\mu_{B}$ at $Pcr = 26.50$ GPa is observed. For \linebreak $x$ = 0.25 and 0.50 Ga concentrations, the magnetic moment increases gradually when the pressure decreases toward the equilibrium value. We study the transition pressure dependence to a ferromagnetic phase near the onset of magnetic moment for each Ga$_{x}$Mn$_{1-x}$N compounds. The calculation of the density of states with Ga concentration is carried out considering two spin polarizations. The results reveal that for\linebreak $x$ = 0.75 the compound behaves as a conductor for the spin-up polarization and that the density of states for spin-down polarization is zero at the Fermi level. At this concentration the compound presents a half metallic behavior; therefore this material could be potentially useful as spin injector. At high pressures $P > P_{cr}$ the compounds exhibit a metallic behavior.


FP-LAPW; magnetic semiconductors; pressure dependence

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Revista Mexicana de Física

ISSN: 2683-2224 (on line), 0035-001X (print)

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