Raman spectroscopic study of the influence of voltage-time on titania growth-fast anodized nanostructures

M. Luna Cervantes, J. Hernández Torres, L. Zamora Peredo

Abstract


Many studies, focused in TiO2 nanotubes obtained by anodization, uses frequently a NH4F salt concentration from 0.3 – 0.5 wt% and the information about how voltage and time affects to nanotubes morphology, are valid for these concentration, moreover, this range induces a long time of anodized. TiO2 nanotubes were prepared by anodization process of a set of titanium foils in order to study the influence of time and voltage on the morphology of them. The anodization process consists of an organic media of ethylene glycol and 1.2 wt% of NH4F salts, voltage from 5 to 30 V for a time period from 1 to 6 hours, constant potential of 30 V for a time lapse from 10 to 360 minutes and 5 to 480 seconds. All anodized samples are rinsed and annealed to 400 °C by 3 hours to obtain an anatase crystalline structure. The morphological characterization was carried out by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) to verify the presence of the nanostructures: nanopores, nanotubes and nanograss, these nanostructures were identified to appear for a time period from 5 to 480 seconds, 10 to 60 minutes and 1 to 6 hours, respectively. The surface morphology, inner diameter and length of the nanotubes varied with the electrochemical anodization parameters. Raman spectroscopy was used for optical characterization in order to identify the changes in signal intensity and Eg mode Shift and it was observed that intensity suffers an increment and Eg mode suffers a blue shift as a thickness function.


Keywords


Nanotubes, nanopores, nanograss, Raman, Titania

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31349/RevMexFis.65.449

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Revista Mexicana de Física

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