Numerical analysis of the cathodic material influence on the arc plasma jet

D. F. Devia Narvaez, L. F. Alvarez, S. Ramirez Ramirez, and E. Restrepo-Parra

Abstract


The cathodic arc discharge is a deposition technique widely used to synthesize hard coatings and thin films. The structure of the plasma generated by the electrical discharge and its interaction with neutral particles was studied using numerical simulations. Typical plasma parameters were characterized considering their spatial and temporal dependence, as well as several cathode materials that are commonly used in these systems. For the evolution of the ion density, it was observed the formation of Knudsen layer, and also a dependence of pressure gradients in the global behavior. With respect to the kinetic energy, it was found a deceleration of ions, which is represented by a shock front produced in the plasma−neutrals interaction. On the other hand, the energy releasing was generated due to the heat transference between electrons and ions. The plasma potential follows a behavior, which is similar to that of the ion density, and it is caused by the dynamics of charged particles which is directly affected by the concentration of neutrals and ions. In general, the physical quantities are directly affected by electrical and thermal conductivity of the cathode material. Our results can be applied to understand the plasma phenomena produced in a cathodic arc discharge


Keywords


arc discharge, materials processing, cathode material

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31349/RevMexFis.65.291

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Revista Mexicana de Física

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