A study on microstructure and magnetic properties of nanostructured CoxNi1-xMn0.5Fe1.5O4(x=0,0.25,0.5,0.75,1) spinel ferrites

A. Hussain, S. Akbar Tahir, N. Ahmad, M. Hashim, A. Bashir Ziya, S. Noreen

Abstract


A low-temperature synthesis of novel nanostructured CoxNi1-xMn0.5Fe1.5O4(x=0,0.25,0.5,0.75,1) ferrites was carried out by sol-gel auto-combustion technique. The obtained nanostructured ferrites were investigated by employing the techniques of powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The XRD diffractograms of the prepared ferrites revealed the formation of a spinel phase with face centered cubic (fcc) structure belonging to Fd- m space group.  The average lattice parameter ‘a’ of ferrites exhibited a rise versus a rise in Co2+ concentration in accordance with the Vegard’s law. The SEM investigation of NiMn0.5Fe1.5O4 powder revealed an existence of octahedral-shaped morphology of ferrite grains. The TEM investigation of NiMn0.5Fe1.5O4 powder showed nanostructures of ferrite particles with sizes consistent with the crystallite sizes as estimated by Debye-Scherer’s formula. An EDX spectrum of NiMn0.5Fe1.5O4 powder confirmed its elemental composition. The M-H hysteresis loops recorded by VSM at room temperature revealed a dependence of coercivity (Hc), maximum magnetization (Mmax) and retentivity (Mr) on Co2+concentration. Due to the shape dependence of M-H loops on Co2+ concentration in compounds enabled their candidature for applications in memory devices and magnetic sensors.

Keywords


sol-gel technique; spinel structure; X-ray diffraction; scanning electron microscopy; coercivity; remanence

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31349/RevMexFis.67.527

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REVISTA MEXICANA DE FÍSICA, year 67, issue 3, May-June 2021. Bimonthly Journal published by Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C. Departamento de Física, 2º Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Apartado Postal 70-348. Tel. (+52)55-5622-4946, https://rmf.smf.mx/ojs/rmf, e-mail: rmf@ciencias.unam.mx. Chief Editor: José Alejandro Ayala Mercado. INDAUTOR Certificate of Reserve: 04-2019-080216404400-203, ISSN: 2683-2224 (on line), 0035-001X (print), both granted by Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for the last update of this issue, Technical Staff of Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C., Fís. Efraín Garrido Román, 2º. Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Date of last modification, May 1st., 2021.

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