Compressive behavior of a Zn22wtAl2Cu cellular alloy with different densities, microstructures and cell shapes

J. A. Aragón-Lezama, A. Garcia-Borquez, G. Torres-Villaseñor

Abstract


Zn22Al2Cu cellular alloy was prepared with six different densities, two microstructures and two cell shapes to determine the effect of these factors on its compressive behavior. NaCl granules with sharp edges, as purchased and with smooth edges obtained by roughly polishing the purchased granules were used as spacers. The elaboration process of the alloy foam consisted of melting the alloy, immersing the granules in the liquid alloy, air-cooling and then dissolving the salt in boiling water. The matrix obtained with the materials had an as-cast microstructure, and a fine microstructure, which was achieved with a heat treatment applied prior to dissolving the NaCl granules. Samples were tested in compression at a 10-3 s-1 strain rate. The smooth shape of the cells caused that the as-cast microstructure in the matrix produces an elastic behavior, which is described by the equation derived by Ashby for the relative elastic modulus and the relative density of sponges. The same type of cell shape embedded in the fine microstructure produces an elastic behavior in compression that depends on the density, which is typical of very low-density foams, although much lower than those achieved in this study. Compressive behavior is chaotic when cells have sharp shape, regardless microstructure type. The alloy studied with 4 mm mean size cells has a compression behavior like a sponge or low-density foam, when its cell walls have smooth contours, and as-cast or fine microstructure, respectively.


Keywords


Zn22Al2Cu cellular alloy; Semi-solid processing; Microstructural characterization; Scanning electron microscopy; Compression.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31349/RevMexFis.67.516

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REVISTA MEXICANA DE FÍSICA, year 67, issue 3, May-June 2021. Bimonthly Journal published by Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C. Departamento de Física, 2º Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Apartado Postal 70-348. Tel. (+52)55-5622-4946, https://rmf.smf.mx/ojs/rmf, e-mail: rmf@ciencias.unam.mx. Chief Editor: José Alejandro Ayala Mercado. INDAUTOR Certificate of Reserve: 04-2019-080216404400-203, ISSN: 2683-2224 (on line), 0035-001X (print), both granted by Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for the last update of this issue, Technical Staff of Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C., Fís. Efraín Garrido Román, 2º. Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Date of last modification, May 1st., 2021.

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