Fake calibration attack using a beam sampler in a continuous variable-quantum key distribution system

J. A. Lopez-Leyva, A. Talamantes-Alvarez, E. A. Mejia, J. Estrada, M. Ponce Camacho, V. Ramos Garcia, L. Casemiro Oliveira

Abstract


A Fake Calibration Attack process for a Continuous Variable-Quantum Key Distribution system using a Beam Sampler is presented. The Fake Calibration Attack allows a calibration that balances the Standard Quantum Limit for all the optical path in the experiment (differential Standard Quantum Limit is ≈ 0.39 dB) allowing Eve to acquire ≈ 0.0671 for a particular information quadrature which establishes a Quantum Bit Error Rate ≈ 5.8%. As a final result, the balancing of the Standard Quantum Limit for both states of polarization signals allows maintaining the overall Quantum Bit Error Rate at a particular value ≈ 3%, which implies an important basis for detecting a potential spy considering the minimum Quantum Bit Error Rate.


Keywords


Quantum cryptography, unbalanced optical paths, state of polarization, calibration attack

Full Text:

PDF

References


G. Kołaczek and J. Mizera-Pietraszko, J. Inform. Telecommun., 2 (2018) 428.

T. Zhou, et. al., Secur. Commun. Netw., 2018 (2018)1.

T. Mor and V. Roychowdhury, Quantum Communication, Computing, and Measurement 3, (Springer, Boston, MA, 2002), pp. 277–284.

Y. Z. Law, L. P. Thinh, J.-D. Bancal, and V. Scarani, J. Phys. A: Math. Theor., 47 (2014) 424028.

F. Hufnagel, et. al., Optics Express, 27 (2019) 26346.

E. Diamanti, H.-K. Lo, B. Qi, and Z. Yuan, npj Quantum Inform., 2 (2016) 1.

S. L. Braunstein and S. Pirandola, Phys. Rev. Lett., 108 (2012) 130502.

D. Gottesman, Hoi-Kwong Lo, N. Lutkenhaus, and J. Preskill, Proceedings International Symposium on Information Theory, 2004.

P. J. Coles, E. M. Metodiev, and N. Lütkenhaus, Nat. Commun., 7 (2016) 11712.

S. Arnon, et. al., Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging XVI, (2018) 107710T.

P. Kumar and R. J. Clifton, J. Appl. Phys., 48 (1977) 1366.

Z. Qu and I. B. Djordjevic, Photon. J., 10 (2018) 1.

F. Karinou, et. al., Photon. Techn. Lett., 30 (2018) 650.

H. H. Brunner, et. al., Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2019).

J.A. Lopez-Leyva, et. al., Opt. Appl., XLVII (2017) 411.

J.A. Lopez-Leyva J.A. and A. Arvizu-Mondragon, Microw. Opt. Techn. Lett., 57 (2015) 1349.

R. Filip, Phys. Rev. A, 67 (2003) 042111.

A.R. Dixon, et. al., Sci. Rep, 7 (2017) 1978.

N. Jain, et. al., Contemp. Phys., 57 (2016) 366.

S. Pirandola, R. Laurenza, C. Ottaviani, and L. Banchi, Nat. Commun., 8 (2017) 1.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31349/RevMexFis.66.228

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


REVISTA MEXICANA DE FÍSICA, year 67, issue 3, May-June 2021. Bimonthly Journal published by Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C. Departamento de Física, 2º Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Apartado Postal 70-348. Tel. (+52)55-5622-4946, https://rmf.smf.mx/ojs/rmf, e-mail: rmf@ciencias.unam.mx. Chief Editor: José Alejandro Ayala Mercado. INDAUTOR Certificate of Reserve: 04-2019-080216404400-203, ISSN: 2683-2224 (on line), 0035-001X (print), both granted by Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for the last update of this issue, Technical Staff of Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C., Fís. Efraín Garrido Román, 2º. Piso, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Alcaldía Coyacán, C.P. 04510 , Ciudad de México. Date of last modification, May 1st., 2021.

The responsibility of the materials published in Revista Mexicana de Física rests solely with their authors and their content does not necessarily reflect the criteria of the Editorial Committee or the Sociedad Mexicana de Física. The total or partial reproduction of the texts hereby published is authorized as long as the complete source and the electronic address of the publications are cited.

There is no fee for article processing, submission or publication.

Revista Mexicana de Física by Sociedad Mexicana de Física, A. C. is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License