Complex dynamics of passively mode-locked fiber lasers with strict polarization control

Authors

  • O. Pottiez CIO http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5684-9439
  • Y. E. Bracamontes-Rodriguez CIO
  • J. P. Lauterio-Cruz CIO CIS
  • H. E. Ibarra-Villalon CIO, Departamento de Ciencias Basicas,
  • J. C. Hernandez-Garcia CIS, Conacyt
  • H. Santiago-Hernandez CIO
  • E. García-Sánchez CIO
  • O.S. Torres-Muñoz CIO
  • M. Bello-Jimenez IICO

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31349/SuplRevMexFis.2.1.1

Keywords:

fiber lasers, passive mode locking, noise-like pulses, soliton dynamics, optical rogue waves

Abstract

In this work we browse an overview of the complex dynamics that arise in the non-stationary modes of operation of partly mode-locked fiber lasers under strict polarization control. Both ring and figure-eight cavities implementing saturable absorber mechanisms that rely on nonlinear polarization rotation were considered. The use of twisted fiber ensures robust operation, whereas precise polarization adjustments allow tailoring the nonlinear switching characteristic in a clear and repeatable manner. The enhanced flexibility of these sources allowed identifying and studying a broad spectrum of peculiar dynamics, in particular by implementing the temporal and spectral mapping techniques. These include the emergence, fusion, splitting, complex evolution and eventual decay of chaotic bunches of radiation, which are also subject to large spectral shifts, ample quasi-periodic instabilities, extreme-intensity events or the creation of solitons, among others, as well as the complex evolution of massively multiple soliton states. Finally, with the help of numerical simulation, several aspects of the physics underlying these puzzling behaviors could be elucidated.

Author Biography

O. Pottiez, CIO

Fiber Optics Group

Investigador Titular C, SNI III

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Published

2021-03-31