Optical-fiber ring cavity with saturable rare-earth-doped fiber
Keywords:Rare-earth doped fibers, Optical bistability, Optical interferometry
Resonance properties of the all-fiber ring cavity filled with nonlinear material - saturable rare-earth-doped fiber are analyzed and experimentally investigated. Unlike the earlier investigated erbium-doped fiber at 1550nm where the optical absorption photo-induced change (saturation) is observed only, the ytterbium-doped fiber at 1064nm demonstrates the saturation of the refractive index mainly. For this configuration we report experimental observation of the optical bistability and hysteresis in the transmitted output light at the 10mW-scale incident light power. The experimental results are in qualitative agreement with the theoretical analysis that takes into account the saturation of both parameters: the optical absorption and the refractive index of the doped fiber. The reported results seem promising for applications in high-sensitivity interferometric configurations at 1064nm operation wavelength.
Stokes L. F., Chodorow S., and Shaw H. J., “All-single-mode fiber resonators,” Opt. Lett. 7, 288–290 (1982).
J. M. Choi, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Control of critical coupling in a ring resonator–fiber configuration: application to wavelength-selective switching, modulation, amplification, and oscillation,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1236–1238 (2001).
N. Langford “Narrow-Linewidth Fiber Lasers” in Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, ed by M. J. F. Digonnet (Marcel Dekker, NY, 2001) pp.243-340.
J. E. Heebner, V. Wong, A. Schweinsberg, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Jackson, “Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 726–730 (2004).
A. Shlyagina and S. Stepanov “Optically controlled light-pulse propagation in closed–loop configuration with saturable erbium-doped fiber” JOSA B 31, 2414-2418 (2014).
M. Tomita, T. Ueta, and P. Sultana, “Slow optical pulse propagation in an amplifying ring resonator,” JOSA B 28, 1627–1630 (2011).
Y. O. Barmenkov, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. V. Andrés, “Resonant and thermal changes of refractive index in a heavily doped erbium fiber pumped at wavelength 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2466–2468 (2004).
H. M. Gibbs “Optical bistability: Controlling light with light” (Academic Press, Orlando, 1985).
T. N. C. Venkatesan and S. L. McCall “Optical bistability and differential gain between 85 and 296K in a Fabry-Perot containing ruby” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 282-284 (1977).
A. A. Fotiadi, O. L. Antipov, and P. Mégret, “Dynamics of pump-induced refractive index changes in single-mode Yb-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express 16, 12658–12663 (2008).
E. Aguilar, S. Stepanov, and E. Hernandez “High-resolution adaptive interferometer with dynamic population grating recorded at 1064nm in Ytterbium-doped fiber” Appl.Opt. 59, 6131-6137 (2020).
R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049–1056 (1997).
A. E. Siegman “Lasers” (University Science Books, Sausalito, 1986).
S. Stepanov, A. Fotiadi, and P. Megret “Effective recording of dynamic phase gratings in Yb-doped fibers with saturable absorption at 1064 nm” Opt. Express 15, 8832–8837 (2007).
S. Stepanov and M. Plata Sánchez “Phase population gratings recorded in ytterbium doped fiber at 1064nm” SPIE Proc. 8011, 801153 1-6 (2011).
H. Rehbein, J. Harms, R. Schnabel, and K. Danzmann “Optical transfer function of Kerr nonlinear cavities and interferometers” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 103001 (2005).
A. Khalaidovski, A. Thuring, H. Rehbein, N. Lastzka, B. Willke, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel “strong reduction of laser power noise by means of a Kerr nonlinear cavity” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053801 (2009).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Serguei Srepanov
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright and grant the Suplemento de la Revista Mexicana de Física right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.