Ferrofluidic sensitive element in fiber optics


  • I.V. Pleshakov Laboratory for Quantum Electronics, Ioffe Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.Petersburg 194021, Russia.
  • P. M. Agruzov Laboratory for Quantum Electronics, Ioffe Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.Petersburg 194021, Russia.




fiber optics, ferrofluid, magnetic fluid, magnetic control


This article discusses problems related to the use of ferrofluid, infiltrated in a microstructured optical fiber and controlled by an external magnetic field. It summarizes the results obtained by the authors on a fiber filled with this substance and subjected to harmonic or impulse field action. It is shown that magneto-optical effects are observed here, which significant for designing tunable fiber elements.

Author Biography

I.V. Pleshakov, Laboratory for Quantum Electronics, Ioffe Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.Petersburg 194021, Russia.

Laboratory for Quantum Electronics, Leading researcher


C. Scherer and A. M. Figueiredo Neto, Ferrofluids: Properties and applications, Brazilian Journal of Physics 35 2005 (718), http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-97332005000400018

E. N. Velichko, G. L. Klimchitskaya and E. K. Nepomnyashchaya, Casimir repulsion though water-based ferrofluid, Modern Physics Letters A 35 (2020) 2040016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0217732320400167

E. N. Velichko, G. L. Klimchitskaya and V. M. Mostepanenko, Dispersion forces between metal and dielectric plates separated by a magnetic fluid, Technical Physics 64(9) (2019) 1260, http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1063784219090214

G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, E. K. Nepomnyashchaya and E. N. Velichko, Impact of magnetic nanoparticles on the Casimir pressure in three-layer systems, Physical Review B 99(4) (2019)

, http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.99.045433

E. A. Perigo, G. Hemery, O. Sandre, D. Ortega, E. Garaio, F. Plazaola and F. J. Teran, Fundamentals and advances in magnetic hyperthermia, Applied Physics Reviews 2 (2015) 041302, http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4935688

E. K. Nepomnyashchaya, E. N. Velichko, I. V. Pleshakov, E. T. Aksenov and E. A. Savchenko, Investigation of ferrofluid nanostructure by laser light scattering: medical applications, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 841(1) (2017) 012020, http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/841/1/012020

F. Shi, X. Bai, F. Wang, F. Pang, S. Pu and X. Zeng, All-fiber magnetic field sensor based on hollow optical fiber and magnetic fluid, IEEE Sensors Journal 17(3) (2017) 619, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2016.2636879

Kun Ren, Xiaobin Ren, Yumeng He and Qun Han, Magnetic-field sensor with self-reference characteristic based on a magnetic fluid and independent plasmonic dual resonances, Beilstein J. Nanotechnol., 10 (2019) 247,


Q.-F. Dai, H.-D. Deng, W.-R. Zhao, J. Liu, L.-J. Wu, S. Lan, and A. V. Gopa, All-optical switching mediated by magnetic nanoparticles, Opt. Lett. 35 (2010) 97, https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.35.000097

S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, H. E. Horng, C.-Y. Hong and H. C. Yang, Origin and applications of magnetically tunable refractive index of magnetic fluid films, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 (2004) 5204,


A. Candiani, M. Konstantaki, W. Margulis and S. Pissadakis, A spectrally tunable microstructured optical fibre Bragg grating utilizing an infiltrated ferrofluid, Opt. Express 18 (2010) 24654, https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.024654

W. Liao, X. Chen, Y. Chen, S. Pu, Y. Xia and Q. Li, Tunable optical fiber filters with magnetic fluids, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87 (2005) 151122,


A. Candiani, W. Margulis, C. Sterner, M. Konstantaki and S. Pissadakis, Phase-shifted Bragg microstructured optical fiber gratings utilizing infiltrated ferrofluids, Opt. Lett. 36 (2011) 2548, https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.36.002548

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture and S. N. Kale, Photonic crystal fiber injected with Fe3O4 nanofluid for magnetic field detection, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 (2011) 161101, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3651490

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, T. Gong, Y. Jin, W. C. Wong and X. Dong, Magneto-optical fiber sensor based on bandgap effect of photonic crystal fiber infiltrated with magnetic fluid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 (2012)

, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4772017

H. E. Horng, J. J. Chieh, Y. H. Chao, S. Y. Yang, CH.-Y. Hong and C. Yang, Designing optical-fiber modulators by using magnetic fluids, Opt. Lett. 30 (2005) 543, https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.30.000543

E. K. Nepomnyashchaya, A. V. Prokofiev, E. N. Velichko, I. V. Pleshakov, Yu. I. Kuzmin, Investigation of magneto-optical properties of ferrofluids by laser light scattering techniques, J. Magn. Magn. Mat., 431 (2017) 24,


P. C. Scholten, The origin of magnetic birefringence and dichroism in magnetic fluids, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 16 (1980) 221,


M. G. Shlyagin, P. M. Agruzov, I. V. Pleshakov, A. V. Prokofiev and E. E. Bibik Incident-power-dependent refractive index of ferrofluid in magnetic field measured with a fiber optic probe, Optik 186 (2019) 418,


E. E. Bibik, B. Ya. Matygullin, Yu. L. Raikher and M. I. Shliomis, Magnetostatic properties of magnetite colloids, Magnetohydrodynamics 9 (1973) 61, http://doi.org/10.22364/mhd

P. M. Agruzov, I. V. Pleshakov, E. E. Bibik and A. V. Shamray Magneto-optic effects in silica core microstructured fibers with a ferrofluidic cladding, Applied Physics Letters 104 (2014) 071108, http://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866165

P. M. Agruzov, I. V. Pleshakov, E. E. Bibik, S. I. Stepanov and A. V. Shamrai, Transient magneto-optic effects in ferrofluid-filled microstructured fibers in pulsed magnetic field, Europhysics Letters 111 (2015) 57003,





How to Cite

Pleshakov I, Agruzov PM. Ferrofluidic sensitive element in fiber optics. Supl. Rev. Mex. Fis. [Internet]. 2021 Mar. 31 [cited 2022 Oct. 4];2(1 Jan-Mar):32-6. Available from: https://rmf.smf.mx/ojs/index.php/rmf-s/article/view/5587