Tip optical fiber refractive index sensor based on a thin copper film

Authors

  • Y. Lopez-Dieguez Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Ixtapaluca
  • M. Avazpour Universidad de Guanajuato
  • M. Bianchetti Universidad de Guanajuato
  • J. C. Hernandez-Garcia Universidad de Guanajuato
  • J. M. Sierra-Hernandez Universidad de Guanajuato
  • J. A. Martín-Vela Universidad de Guanajuato
  • L. A. Herrera-Piad Universidad de Guanajuato
  • D. Jáuregui Vázquez Universidad de Guanajuato
  • J. M. Estudillo-Ayala Universidad de Guanajuato
  • R. Rojas-Laguna Universidad de Guanajuato

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31349.SuplRevMexFis.2.1.43

Keywords:

Fiber optic sensor, Modal Fiber Optic Interferometer, Liquid Concentration Measurement

Abstract

 

We report a refractive index tip fiber optic sensor based on a modal interferometer coated with a thin copper film. This device can be used for solute concentration in aqueous mixture measurement. The copper film increases the device reflectivity and, as a result, increases the multimodal interference pattern visibility. To validate the sensor device, different water-glycerol weight concentrations were used in the range from 0 to 45 Glycerol %. The recorded spectral responses show a redshifting, and a sensitivity of 19 pm / (Glycerol % by weight) from 0 to 18 % and 4.7 pm / (Glycerol % by weight) from 18 to 45 % was achieved. Besides, using a phase analysis we calculated a sensitivity of -15 rad/RIU.

References

W.P. Chen, D.N. Wang, B. Xu, C.L. Zhao, H.F. Chen, Multimode fiber tip Fabry-Perot cavity for highly sensitive pressure measurement, Sci. Rep. 7 (2017) 1–6. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00300-x.

W. Wang, Z. Mai, Y. Chen, J. Wang, L. Li, Q. Su, X. Li, X. Hong, A label-free fiber optic SPR biosensor for specific detection of C-reactive protein, Sci. Rep. 7 (2017) 1–8. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-17276-3.

N. Zhong, Q. Liao, X. Zhu, M. Zhao, Y. Huang, R. Chen, Temperature-independent polymer optical fiber evanescent wave sensor, Sci. Rep. 5 (2015) 1–10. doi:10.1038/srep11508.

T. Okazaki, T. Orii, A. Ueda, A. Ozawa, H. Kuramitz, Fiber Optic Sensor for Real-Time Sensing of Silica Scale Formation in Geothermal Water, Sci. Rep. 7 (2017) 1–7. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-03530-1.

Z. Lin, R. Lv, Y. Zhao, H. Zheng, High-sensitivity salinity measurement sensor based on no-core fiber, Sensors Actuators A Phys. (2020) 111947. doi:10.1016/j.sna.2020.111947.

F. Zhao, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, K. Zhang, R. Chen, S. Liu, Curvature monitoring of power grid wires based on anti-resonant reflecting guidance in hollow core fibers, Optik (Stuttg). 213 (2020) 164785. doi:10.1016/j.ijleo.2020.164785.

E. Vorathin, Z.M. Hafizi, N. Ismail, M. Loman, Review of high sensitivity fibre-optic pressure sensors for low pressure sensing, Opt. Laser Technol. 121 (2020). doi:10.1016/j.optlastec.2019.105841.

J. Hribar, D. Donlagic, Fiber-Optic Boiling Point Sensor for Characterization of Liquids, IEEE Sens. J. 20 (2020) 7731–7739. doi:10.1109/JSEN.2020.2982420.

M.H. Jali, H.R.A. Rahim, M.A.M. Johari, S.S. Hamid, H.H.M. Yusof, S. Thokchom, P. Wang, S.W. Harun, Optical characterization of different waist diameter on microfiber loop resonator humidity sensor, Sensors Actuators A Phys. 285 (2019) 200–209. doi:10.1016/j.sna.2018.11.025.

N. De Acha, C. Elosúa, J.M. Corres, F.J. Arregui, Fluorescent sensors for the detection of heavy metal ions in aqueous media, Sensors (Switzerland). 19 (2019). doi:10.3390/s19030599.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, J. Zhao, Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer, Sensors Actuators, B Chem. 208 (2015) 315–319. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2014.11.014.

P. Chen, X. Shu, H. Cao, K. Sugden, Ultra-sensitive refractive index sensor based on an extremely simple femtosecond-laser-induced structure, Opt. Lett. 42 (2017) 1157. doi:10.1364/OL.42.001157.

Y. Lopez-Dieguez, J.M. Estudillo-Ayala, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, L.A. Herrera-Piad, J.M. Sierra-Hernandez, J.C. Hernandez-Garcia, M. Bienchetti, J.R. Reyes-Ayona, R. Rojas-Laguna, Tip fiber-optic intermodal interferometer for refractive index sensing, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 30 (2018) 15–18. doi:10.1109/LPT.2017.2771409.

S.S.J.R.C. Yee;, A fiber optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance, Sensors Actuators B Chem. 12 (1993) 213–220. doi:10.1016/0925-4005(93)80021-3.

D. Jauregui-Vazquez, J.W. Haus, A.B.H. Negari, J.M. Sierra-Hernandez, K. Hansen, Bitapered fiber sensor: Signal analysis, Sensors Actuators B Chem. 218 (2015) 105–110. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2015.04.109.

M. V. Hernández-Arriaga, M.A. Bello-Jiménez, A. Rodríguez-Cobos, M. V. Andrés, Experimental Investigation of Fused Biconical Fiber Couplers for Measuring Refractive Index Changes in Aqueous Solutions, IEEE Sens. J. 16 (2016) 132–136. doi:10.1109/JSEN.2015.2475320.

Y. Zhao, L. Cai, X.G. Li, F.C. Meng, Liquid concentration measurement based on SMS fiber sensor with temperature compensation using an FBG, Sensors Actuators, B Chem. 196 (2014) 518–524. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2014.01.075.

Y. Zhao, Z.Q. Deng, Q. Wang, Fiber optic SPR sensor for liquid concentration measurement, Sensors Actuators, B Chem. 192 (2014) 229–233. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2013.10.108.

H. Su, X.G. Huang, Fresnel-reflection-based fiber sensor for on-line measurement of solute concentration in solutions, Sensors Actuators B Chem. 126 (2007) 579–582. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2007.04.008.

J. Segur, Physical properties of glycerol and its solutions, Aciscience.Org. (1953) 1–27.

B.S. Kawasaki, K.O. Hill, R.G. Lamont, Biconical-taper single-mode fiber coupler, Opt. Lett. 6 (1981) 327. doi:10.1364/OL.6.000327.

T.A. Birks, Y.W. Li, The Shape of Fiber Tapers, J. Light. Technol. 10 (1992) 432–438. doi:10.1109/50.134196.

C. Cobianu, M.F. Stan, I. Bancuta, N. Fidel, INVESTIGATION OF Ni-Cu THIN FILMS MAGNETIC SENSORS DEPOSITED ON SiO 2 SUBSTRATES BY SPUTTERING, J. Sci. Arts. 4 (2019) 1055–1065.

P.B. Johnson, R.W.Christy, Optical Constants of the Noble Metals, Phys. Rev. B. 6 (1972) 4370–4379. doi:10.1016/j.susc.2018.02.016.

Cu Refractive Index Database, (n.d.). https://refractiveindex.info/?shelf=main&book=Cu&page=Johnson (accessed December 11, 2018).

Y. Lopez-Dieguez, J.M.M. Estudillo-Ayala, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, J.M.M. Sierra-Hernandez, L.A.A. Herrera-Piad, J.M.M. Cruz-Duarte, J.C.C. Hernandez-Garcia, R. Rojas-Laguna, Multi-mode all Fiber Interferometer based on Fabry-Perot Multi-cavity and its Temperature Response, Opt. - Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 147 (2017) 232–239. doi:10.1016/j.ijleo.2017.08.091.

G.H. Chan, J. Zhao, E.M. Hicks, G.C. Schatz, R.P. Van Duyne, Plasmonic Properties of Copper Nanoparticles Fabricated by Nanosphere Lithography, Nano Lett. 7 (2007) 1947–1952. doi:10.1021/nl070648a.

Downloads

Published

2021-06-24 — Updated on 2021-07-06

Versions

Issue

Section

FÍSICA DE FIBRAS ÓPTICAS EN MÉXICO, EN MEMORIA DEL DR. EVGENY A. KUZIN