Noise fiber lasers


  • Yuri O. Barmenkov Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C.
  • Pablo Muniz-Canovas
  • Alexander V. Kir'yanov Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C.
  • Josue Adin Minguela-Gallardo División de Ciencias e Ingenierías, Universidad de Guanajuato,
  • Georgina Beltrán-Pérez Facultad de Ciencias Físico-Matemáticas, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  • Jose Luis Cruz Universidad de Valencia
  • Miguel V. Andres Universidad de Valencia



Fiber lasers, photon noise, Bose-Einstein statistics


In this paper, we present a brief review of the noise operation mode of fiber lasers. These lasers were studied recently by collaborative group that includes researchers, professors, and Ph.D. students from the Centro de Investigaciones en Optica, A.C. (Leon, Guanajuato, Mexico) and from the Universidad de Valencia (Valencia, Spain). Meanwhile, the pioneer works in this topic important for understanding the physics behind fiber lasers’ operation and for practical applications were done with the active participation of Dr. Evgeny Kuzin from the Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica (Puebla, Mexico) and Dr. Georgina Beltrán-Pérez from the Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (Puebla, Mexico), whose Ph.D. study was supervised by him. The fiber lasers under study were based on commercial erbium- and ytterbium-doped fibers as gain media and operated in continuous-wave and actively Q-switched regimes. All these fiber lasers were arranged in Fabry-Perot cavity configuration with fiber Bragg gratings as narrow-band reflectors. In the case of actively Q-switched lasers a standard fiberized acousto-optic modulator was placed close to the rear (100%) reflector. The most important conclusion of all the works grounding the present review is that, independently on laser operation regime, continuous wave or actively Q-switched, these fiber lasers operate in the extremely noise regime with the photon statistics described by Bose-Einstein distribution inherent to narrow-band thermal light sources.

Author Biographies

Yuri O. Barmenkov, Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A.C.

Fiber Optics Group

Jose Luis Cruz, Universidad de Valencia

Departamento de Física Aplicada, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales

Miguel V. Andres, Universidad de Valencia

Departamento de Física Aplicada, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales


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How to Cite

Barmenkov YO, Muniz-Canovas P, Kir’yanov AV, Minguela-Gallardo JA, Beltrán-Pérez G, Cruz JL, Andres MV. Noise fiber lasers. Supl. Rev. Mex. Fis. [Internet]. 2021 Mar. 31 [cited 2023 Oct. 1];2(1 Jan-Mar):116-21. Available from: