Ultraperipheral heavy-ion collisions in Run3 - verification of what we know or new physics?


  • Mariola Klusek Gawenda Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN




RHIC; CERN-LHC laboratory; measurable kinematic variables; reaction mechanism


The theoretical predictions presented in this work are integral to the ongoing and planned experiments at RHIC and CERN-LHC laboratory. The innovation of the research lies in the possibility of making distributions of many measurable kinematic variables, which are often key to better understanding the reaction mechanism, rather than being limited to presenting only the value of the total cross section. The presented aspect of the research can be used to plan future experiments as well as to interpret already existing experimental results. The correctness of the results is strongly influenced by the type of nuclear form factor used.


C. A. Bertulani and G. Baur, Electromagnetic Processes in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions, Phys. Rept. 163 (1988) 299, https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-1573(88)90142-1

C. A. Bertulani, S. R. Klein, and J. Nystrand, Physics of ultraperipheral nuclear collisions, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 55 (2005) 271, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.nucl.55.090704.151526

A. Baltz et al., The Physics of ultraperipheral collisions at the LHC, Phys. Rept. 458 (2008) 1, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2007.12.001

E. Fermi, On the Theory of the impact between atoms and electrically charged particles, Z. Phys. 29 (1924) 315, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03184853

C. F. von Weizsacker, Radiation emitted in collisions of very fast electrons, Z. Phys. 88 (1934) 612, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01333110

E. J. Williams, Nature of the high-energy particles of penetrating radiation and status of ionization and radiation formulae, Phys. Rev. 45 (1934) 729, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.45.729

M. Kłusek, W. Schäfer, and A. Szczurek, Exclusive production of ρ 0 ρ 0 pairs in γγ collisions at RHIC, Phys. Lett. B 674 (2009) 92, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2009.03.006

G. Baur et al., Coherent γγ and γ -A interactions in very peripheral collisions at relativistic ion colliders, Phys. Rept. 364 (2002) 359, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-1573(01)00101-6

H. De Vries, C. W. De Jager, and C. De Vries, Nuclear charge and magnetization density distribution parameters from elastic electron scattering, Atom. Data Nucl. Data Tabl. 36 (1987) 495, https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-640X(87)90013-1

O. Halpern, Scattering processes produced by electrons in negative energy states, Phys. Rev. 44 (1933) 855, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.44.855.2

W. Heisenberg and H. Euler, Consequences of Dirac’s theory of positrons, Z. Phys. 98 (1936) 714, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01343663

M. Böhm and R. Schuster, Scattering of light by light in the electroweak standard model, Z. Phys. C 63 (1994) 219, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01411013

G. Jikia and A. Tkabladze, Photon-photon scattering at the photon linear collider, Phys. Lett. B 323 (1994) 453, https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(94)91246-7

Z. Bern et al., QCD and QED corrections to light by light scattering, JHEP 2001 (2001) 031, https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/2001/11/031

T. Hahn and M. Pérez-Victoria, Automatized one loop calculations in four dimensions and D dimensions, Comput. Phys. Commun. 118 (1999) 153, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-4655(98)00173-8

G. J. van Oldenborgh and J. A. M. Vermaseren, New Algorithms for One Loop Integrals, Z. Phys. C 46 (1990) 425, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01621031

D. Bardin, L. Kalinovskaya, and E. Uglov, Standard Model light-by-light scattering in SANC: analytic and numeric evaluation, Phys. Atom. Nucl. 73 (2010) 1878, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063778810110098

P. Lebiedowicz, R. Pasechnik, and A. Szczurek, Search for technipions in exclusive production of diphotons with large invariant masses at the LHC, Nucl. Phys. B 881 (2014) 288, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2014.02.008

M. Kłusek-Gawenda, P. Lebiedowicz, and A. Szczurek, Lightby- light scattering in ultraperipheral Pb-Pb collisions at energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, Phys. Rev. C 93 (2016) 044907, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.93.044907

A. Donnachie and P. V. Landshoff, Total cross-sections, Phys. Lett. B 296 (1992) 227, https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(92)90832-O

A. Donnachie et al., Pomeron physics and QCD, Camb. Monogr. Part. Phys. Nucl. Phys. Cosmol. 19 (2002) 1

A. Szczurek, N. N. Nikolaev, and J. Speth, From soft to hard regime in elastic pion-pion scattering above resonances, Phys. Rev. C 66 (2002) 055206, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.66.055206

M. Kłusek-Gawenda, W. Schäfer, and A. Szczurek, Two gluon exchange contribution to elastic γγ → γγ scattering and production of two-photons in ultraperipheral ultrarelativistic heavy ion and proton-proton collisions, Phys. Lett. B 761 (2016) 399, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2016.08.059

H. Cheng and T. T. Wu, Photon-photon scattering close to the forward direction, Phys. Rev. D 1 (1970) 3414, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.1.3414

V. M. Budnev et al., The Two photon particle production mechanism. Physical problems. Applications. Equivalent photon approximation, Phys. Rept. 15 (1975) 181, https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-1573(75)90009-5

P. Lebiedowicz and A. Szczurek, The role of meson exchanges in light-by-light scattering, Phys. Lett. B 772 (2017) 330, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2017.06.060

M. Aaboud et al., Evidence for light-by-light scattering in heavy-ion collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC, Nature Phys. 13 (2017) 852, https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys4208

H. Euler, On the scattering of light by light according to Dirac’s theory, Annalen Phys. 26 (1936) 398, https://doi.org/10.1002/andp.19364180503

G. Aad et al., Observation of light-by-light scattering in ultraperipheral Pb+Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector, Phys. Rev. Lett. 123 (2019) 052001, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.052001

A. Sirunyan et al., Evidence for light-by-light scattering and searches for axion-like particles in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at √ sNN = 5.02 TeV, Phys. Lett. B 797 (2019) 134826, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2019.134826

G. Aad et al., Erratum to: Measurement of light-by-light scattering and search for axion-like particles with 2.2 nb−1 of Pb+Pb data with the ATLAS detector, JHEP 2021 (2021) 050, https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP11(2021)050

M. Kłusek-Gawenda and A. Szczurek, π +π − and π 0π 0 pair production in photon-photon and in ultraperipheral ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions, Phys. Rev. C 87 (2013) 054908, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.87.054908

C. Patrignani et al., Review of Particle Physics, Chin. Phys. C 40 (2016) 100001, https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/40/10/100001

M. Kłusek-Gawenda et al., Light-by-light scattering in ultraperipheral heavy-ion collisions at low diphoton masses, Phys. Rev. D 99 (2019) 093013, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.99.093013

S. Uehara et al., High-statistics study of neutral-pion pair production in two-photon collisions, Phys. Rev. D 79 (2009) 052009, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.79.052009

H. Marsiske et al., A Measurement of π 0π 0 Production in Two Photon Collisions, Phys. Rev. D 41 (1990) 3324, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.41.3324

B. B. Abelev et al., Performance of the ALICE Experiment at the CERN LHC, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 29 (2014) 1430044, https://doi.org/10.1142/S0217751X14300440

M. Williams, M. Bellis, and C. A. Meyer, Multivariate sideband subtraction using probabilistic event weights, JINST 4 (2009) P10003, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/4/10/P10003

Z. Citron et al., Report from Working Group 5: Future physics opportunities for high-density QCD at the LHC with heavy-ion and proton beams, CERN Yellow Rep. Monogr. 7 (2019) 1159, https://doi.org/10.23731/CYRM-2019-007.1159

A. N. Artemyev, V. G. Serbo, and A. Surzhykov, Double lepton pair production with electron capture in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, Eur. Phys. J. C 74 (2014) 2829, https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-014-2829-z

M. Kłusek-Gawenda and A. Szczurek, Double scattering production of two positron-electron pairs in ultraperipheral heavyion collisions, Phys. Lett. B 763 (2016) 416, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2016.10.079

E. Abbas et al., Charmonium and e +e − pair photoproduction at mid-rapidity in ultra-peripheral Pb-Pb collisions at √ sNN =2.76 TeV, Eur. Phys. J. C 73 (2013) 2617, https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-013-2617-1

B. Segev and J. C. Wells, A Light fronts approach to electron - positron pair production in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions, Phys. Rev. A 57 (1998) 1849, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.57.1849

D. Y. Ivanov, A. Schiller, and V. G. Serbo, Large Coulomb corrections to the e+ e- pair production at relativistic heavy ion colliders, Phys. Lett. B 454 (1999) 155, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(99)00323-8

R. N. Lee and A. I. Milstein, Coulomb corrections to the e + e − pair production in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions, Phys. Rev. A 61 (2000) 032103, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.61.032103

U. Eichmann, J. Reinhardt, and W. Greiner, Crossing symmetry in the high-energy limit and pair production in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions, Phys. Rev. A 61 (2000) 062710, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.61.062710

S. R. Gevorkyan and E. A. Kuraev, Lepton pair production in relativistic ion collisions to all orders in Zα with logarithmic accuracy, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 29 (2003) 1227, https://doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/29/6/320

E. Bartos et al., Multiple exchanges in lepton pair production in high-energy heavy ion collisions, J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 100 (2005) 645, https://doi.org/10.1134/1.1926426

M. Luszczak, R. Maciuła, and A. Szczurek, Production of two cc¯ pairs in double-parton scattering, Phys. Rev. D 85 (2012) 094034, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.85.094034

M. Kłusek-Gawenda and A. Szczurek, Double-scattering mechanism in the exclusive AA → AAρ0 ρ 0 reaction in ultrarelativistic collisions, Phys. Rev. C 89 (2014) 024912, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.89.024912

A. van Hameren, M. Kłusek-Gawenda, and A. Szczurek, Single- and double-scattering production of four muons in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at the Large Hadron Collider, Phys. Lett. B 776 (2018) 84, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2017.11.029

A. van Hameren, KaTie: for parton-level event generation with kT -dependent initial states (2016)

M. Bury and A. van Hameren, Numerical evaluation of multigluon amplitudes for High Energy Factorization, Comput. Phys. Commun. 196 (2015) 592, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpc.2015.06.023

G. Aad et al., Exclusive dimuon production in ultraperipheral Pb+Pb collisions at √ sNN = 5.02 TeV with ATLAS, Phys. Rev. C 104 (2021) 024906, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.104.024906

J. Allen et al., Performance of prototypes for the ALICE electromagnetic calorimeter, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 615 (2010) 6, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2009.12.061

M. Clemencic, et al., The LHCb simulation application, Gauss: Design, evolution and experience, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 331 (2011) 032023, https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/331/3/032023




How to Cite

Klusek Gawenda M. Ultraperipheral heavy-ion collisions in Run3 - verification of what we know or new physics?. Supl. Rev. Mex. Fis. [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 19 [cited 2024 Jun. 25];4(2):021131 1-11. Available from: https://rmf.smf.mx/ojs/index.php/rmf-s/article/view/7158