Falsos Positivos de la ciencia

Authors

  • Victor Manuel Trejos Montoya Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo
  • Liliana Peralta Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo
  • Lao Tsé López-Lozano Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo
  • Mario Pérez-González Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo
  • Selim Gómez-Ávila Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31349/RevMexFisE.19.010301

Keywords:

Vladimir Voevodsky, Mpemba effect, Large Hadron Collider, Jan Hendrik Schon

Abstract

A false positive in science is an announced discovery and then contested; the history of false positives illustrates the scientific process and the culture in which it is immersed. In the announcement of a false discovery, statistical fluctuations such as systematic errors of the experiments, the ambition of scientists, and the expectations and hopes of the research communities play a role, as well as practices and standards of the review process. On the way to building a scientific consensus there are obstacles of both social character and methodological nature. In the particular case of mathematics we have the case of the failed test, where a logical or conceptual error leads to the announcement of a correct result, which is reached by means of an erroneous argument. In this work, the history of failed demonstrations is discussed in mathematics such as the case of Vladimir Voevodsky, the controversy over the Mpemba effect, the diphoton excess fiasco at 750 GeV in the Large Hadron Collider, and the case of scientific dishonesty of Jan Hendrik Schon.

Author Biographies

Liliana Peralta, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo

Instituto de Ciencias Básicas e Ingenierı́a

Lao Tsé López-Lozano, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo

Instituto de Ciencias Básicas e Ingenierı́a

Mario Pérez-González, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo

Instituto de Ciencias Básicas e Ingenierı́a

Selim Gómez-Ávila, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo

Instituto de Ciencias Básicas e Ingenierı́a

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Published

2022-01-01