Ajuste de resonancia doble en láseres de Brillouin de fibra óptica

Authors

  • V. V. Spirin División de Física Aplicada, CICESE, Apdo. Postal #2732, 22860, Ensenada, B. C. México
  • C. A. López Mercado División de Física Aplicada, CICESE, Apdo. Postal #2732, 22860, Ensenada, B. C. México
  • J. L. Bueno Escobedo División de Física Aplicada, CICESE, Apdo. Postal #2732, 22860, Ensenada, B. C. México
  • A. A. Fotiadi University of Mons, Electromagnetism and Telecommunication Department, 31 Boulevard Dolez, B-7000 Mons, Bélgica. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute of the RAS, 26 Polytekhnicheskaya Street, St. Petersburg 194021, Rusia. Ulyanovsk State University, 42 Leo Tolstoy Street, Ulyanovsk, 432970, Rusia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31349.SuplRevMexFis.2.1.19

Keywords:

láser de fibra de Brillouin, anillo resonador de fibra, resonancia simultánea.

Abstract

Reportamos una solución técnica simple para un ajuste preciso de la longitud de cavidades cortas de fibra óptica usadas comúnmente en los láseres de Brillouin. La cavidad ajustada del láser es simultáneamente resonante para el bombeo y la emisión de Stokes. La técnica propuesta está basada en registrar la respuesta de Brillouin de la cavidad a un escaneo frecuencial de la emisión del láser de bombeo. Las trazas almacenadas son utilizadas para calcular el exceso de longitud de la cavidad que necesita ser removido de la cavidad original para un ajuste preciso de la resonancia de Brillouin en cualquier longitud de onda preseleccionada del láser de bombeo. Para la comprobación de su funcionamiento se desarrolló el ajuste fino de una cavidad de anillo basada en fibra estándar SMF-28 de Corning de 4 m de longitud. Además, se presenta un análisis detallado del error en el algoritmo de ajuste de la doble resonancia en la cavidad de anillo de fibra del láser de Brillouin de corta longitud. La propuesta presentada es igual de útil para el diseño de láseres de fibra monomodo de espectro óptico ultra-angosto y láseres de fibra de Brillouin Q-switched, así como para aplicaciones que emplean alta potencia en cavidades de fibra que evitan la dispersión de Brillouin estimulada. 

We report a simple technical solution for precise adjustment of short fiber cavities commonly used with Brillouin fiber lasers. The adjusted laser cavity is simultaneously resonant for pump and Stokes radiations. The technique is based on recording the Brillouin response of the cavity to the frequency scanned laser radiation. The recorded traces are used to calculate the excess cavity length that needs to be removed from the original cavity to provide its precise adjustment to the Brillouin resonance at any preselected pump laser wavelength. For demonstration of the approach, fine adjustment of a 4 m long ring cavity based on standard Corning SMF-28 fiber is performed. A detailed error analysis of the algorithm for adjustment of double resonance in short-length Brillouin ring fiber laser was presented. Demonstrated approach is equally useful for the design of single mode fiber lasers with ultra-narrow optical spectra, Q-switched Brillouin fiber lasers as well as for applications employing high power fiber cavities free from stimulated Brillouin scattering.

 

References

E.A. Kuzin, M.P. Petrov, A.A. Fotiadi. Phase conjugation by SMBS in Optical Fibers.- in Optical Phase Conjugation. Ed. M. Gower, D. Proach. (Springer Verlag, 1994), pp. 74-96.

E.A. Kuzin, M.P. Petrov. Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers and wavefront reversal. Fizika Tverdogo Tela (English translation in Solid State Physics, USA), 25(2), (1982), pp. 334-338.

E.A. Kuzin, M.P. Petrov. Prospects for controlling laser beams by means of stimulated Brillouin scattering. Pis'ma v Zh.Tekh.Fiz. (English translation in Sov.Tech.Phys.Lett. USA), 11(7), (1985), pp. 389-393.

D.A. Grukh, A.S. Kurkov, I.M. Razdobreev, A.A. Fotiadi. Self-Q-switched ytterbium-doped cladding-pumped fibre laser. Quantum Electronics. 32, (2002) 1017. https://doi.org/10.1070/QE2002v032n11ABEH002339

A.A. Fotiadi. Random lasers: An incoherent fibre laser. Nature Photonics. 4 (2010) 204. https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.76

V.V. Spirin, J. Kellerman, P.L. Swart, A.A. Fotiadi. Intensity noise in SBS with injection locking generation of Stokes seed signal. Opt. Express. 14 (2006) 8328. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.008328

A.A. Fotiadi, R. Kiyan, O. Deparis, P. Megret, M. Blondel. Statistical properties of stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode optical fibers above threshold. Opt. Letters. 27 (2002) 83. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.27.000083

L.F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, H.J. Shaw. All-single-mode fiber resonator Opt. Letters. 7 (1982) 288. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.7.000288

S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.P. Huignard, R. Frey. Efficient single mode Brillouin fiber laser for low-noise optical carrier reduction of microwave signals. Opt. Letters. 28 (2003)1888. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.28.001888

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, S. Jiang S. Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser With Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth. IEEE Photon. Technol. Letters. 18 (2006)1813. https://doi.org/10.1109/LPT.2006.881145

S. Molin, G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, J.P. Huignard. Experimental investigation of relative intensity noise in Brillouin fiber ring lasers for microwave photonics applications. Optics Letters. 33 (2008) 1681. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.33.001681

Disponible en: http://www.corning.com/opticalfiber/index.as

L. Thevenaz. Brillouin distributed time-domain sensing in optical fibers: state of the art and perspectives. Frontiers of Optoelectronics in China. 3 (2010) 13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12200-009-0086-9

V.V. Spirin, C.A. Lopez-Mercado, S.I. Kablukov, E.A. Zlobina, I.O. Zolotovskiy, P. Megret, A.A. Fotiadi. Single cut technique for adjustment of doubly resonant Brillouin laser cavities, Optics Letters. 38 (2013) 2528. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.38.002528

C.A. López-Mercado, V.V. Spirin, S.I. Kablukov, E.A. Zlobina, I.O. Zolotovskiy, P. Mégret, A.A. Fotiadi. Accuracy of single-cut adjustment technique for double resonant Brillouin fiber lasers. Optical Fiber Technology. 20 (2014) 194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yofte.2014.01.011

Downloads

Published

2021-06-24 — Updated on 2021-07-06

Versions

Issue

Section

FÍSICA DE FIBRAS ÓPTICAS EN MÉXICO, EN MEMORIA DEL DR. EVGENY A. KUZIN