Nuclear Adiabatic Effects of Electron-Positron Pairs on the Dynamical Instability of Very-Massive Stars


  • Lurwan Garba Yusuf Maitama Sule University
  • Firas A. Ahmed University of Diyala



Massive stars, pair-production, stellar instability


The adiabatic effects of electron-positron pair-production on the dynamical instability of very-massive stars is investigated from stellar progenitors of carbon-oxygen cores within the range of 64 M < MCO < 133 M  both with and without rotation. At a very high temperature and relatively low density; the production of electron-positron pairs in the centres of massive stars leads the adiabatic index to below 4/3. The adiabatic quantities are evaluated by constructing a model into a thermodynamically consistent electron-positron equation of state (EoS) table. It is observed that the adiabatic indices in the instability regions of the rotating models are fundamentally positive with central temperature and density. Similarly, the mass of the oxygen core within the instability region has accelerated the adiabatic indices in order to compress the star, while the mass loss and adiabatic index in the non-rotating model exponentially decay. In the rotating models, a small amount of heat is required to increase the central temperature for the end fate of the massive stars. The dynamic of most of the adiabatic quantities show a similar pattern for all the rotating models. The non-rotating model may not be suitable for inducing the instability. Many adiabatic quantities have shown great effects on the dynamical instability of the massive stars due to electron-positron pair-production in their centres. The results of this work would be useful for better understanding of the end fate of very-massive stars.


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