Surface plasmon resonance based on graphene-metal-graphene structure: recurrence relation theory
Keywords:Graphene plasmonics; plasmons; reflectance
The last years, graphene has opened exciting new fields in graphene plasmonics, due to the graphene’s unique optoelectronic properties such as long-lived collective excitation, extreme optical confinement in graphene plasmonics and extraordinary light-matter interactions in metamaterials. Therefore, these excellent properties make graphene a favorable candidate for novel plasmonic devices and potential applications in photonics, optoelectronics and sensor technologies. In this work, theoretical investigations are carried out to in Graphene-Metal-Graphene structure for enhanced surface plasmon resonance based on the recurrence relations’ method. We find that the graphene-metal-graphene structure supports both high-energy optical plasmon oscillations and out-of-phase low energy acoustic charge density excitations. Since a high performance of surface plasmon resonance excitations should exhibit a large depth of dip (small reflectivity), the minimum of reflectivity in the hybrid structure can be manipulated dynamically by changing the thickness of the metallic film, the number of the graphene layers and the dielectric proprieties of the surrounding dielectric materials. Based on this principle, different kinds of plasmonic sensors have been designed in previous years.
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