Advancements in biofuel research: Understanding the physical and chemical characteristics of green diesel


  • L. F. Ram´ırez-Verduzco Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo
  • G. Marroqu´ın-Sanchez Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo
  • M. J. Hernández Sánchez Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo



Biofuel; green diesel; alkanes; density; viscosity; predictive models; physical properties


Green diesel is a potential biofuel that offers certain advantages over traditional fossil diesel, such as low environmental pollution and no sulfur. However, there is little information available regarding the density and viscosity of green diesel, which is crucial for the quality control of biofuels and their performance in engines. In this study, the properties of green diesel produced from palm and soybean oils hydrotreatment were investigated, and models were developed to predict the physical properties of green diesel and n-alkanes. The experimental measurements had uncertainties of 1×10-4 g/cm3 and 1×10-2 mPa s in density and viscosity, respectively. The models were found to be in good agreement with the experimental values. The study highlights the importance of density and viscosity for quality control and engine performance of biofuels. The developed models for predicting the physical properties of green diesel and n-alkanes can be useful for quality control and optimization of biofuel production processes. The findings can be useful for researchers, engineers, and policymakers working in the field of biofuels and renewable energy. Further research is needed to explore the applicability of the developed models to other types of biofuels and to investigate the environmental and economic sustainability of green diesel production.


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How to Cite

L. Verduzco, G. Marroqu´ın-Sanchez, and M. J. Hernández Sánchez, “Advancements in biofuel research: Understanding the physical and chemical characteristics of green diesel”, Rev. Mex. Fís., vol. 70, no. 4 Jul-Aug, pp. 041701 1–, Jul. 2024.



17 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics